This photo shows hail damage to an asphalt cap shingle. Why is a cap shingle likely to suffer more damage than a field shingle from hail carrying the same amount of impact energy?
a.They are the highest point on the roof.
b. Cap shingles have a softer substrate.
c. Hail is more likely to hit them at a perpendicular angle.
d. Cap shingles are generally made from lower quality materials.